Edwards, Jonathan

(1703–58)
   Theologian.
   Edwards was educated at the University of Yale where he underwent a religious conversion. He was ordained to the Congregational ministry and in 1724 he became the pastor of the Congregational Church of Northampton, Massachusetts. A devout Calvinist, he was an exceptionally powerful preacher and was a leader of the religious revival known as the ‘Great Awakening’. He later became a close friend of George whitefield who led an even more extensive revival in the 1740s. Edwards described the Great Awakening in his Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Works of God published in 1737. As a result of various controversies within his church, he moved to Stockbridge on the frontier where he wrote dissertations on original sin, true virtue and free will. In this last, he defended calvin’s doctrine of election and, influenced by locke, he argued that the notion of freedom was ‘unphilosophical, contradictory and absurd’. His commitment and dedication were undisputed and his influence has been widespread in the Churches of America. His teachings were continued by a group of disciples who evolved a ‘New England Theology’ which dominated Congregational schools in the nineteenth century.
   E.H. Davidson, Jonathan Edwards: The Narrative of a Puritan Mind (1968);
   P.J. Tracy, Jonathan Edwards Pastor: Religion and Society in 18th-Century Northampton (1980);
   L.W. Jenson, American Theologian (1988).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • Edwards, Jonathan — (1703 58)    A congregational minister in colonial New England, Edwards was a leader in the Great Awakening and was important both as a philosopher and as a theologian. While his impact on theology has been great, sustained interest in his… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Edwards, Jonathan — born Oct. 5, 1703, East Windsor, Conn. died March 22, 1758, Princeton, N.J. American theologian. The 5th of 11 children in a strict Puritan home, he entered Yale College at age 13. In 1727 he was named a pastor at his grandfather s church in… …   Universalium

  • Edwards, Jonathan — (1703 1758)    American Congregational theologian and preacher    Jonathan Edwards was the greatest American theologian of his day. He is remembered for his theological writings and for his participation in and observations about the period of… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Edwards, Jonathan — (1703–1758) American philosopher and theologian. Born in Connecticut, Edwards was educated at Yale, and showed an early passion for philosophy and theology. His uncompromising Calvinism survived exposure to the works of Locke, and in metaphysics… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Edwards,Jonathan — Ed·wards (ĕdʹwərdz), Jonathan. 1703 1758. American theologian and philosopher whose original sermons and writings stimulated the Great Awakening, a period of renewed American interest in religion. * * * …   Universalium

  • Edwards, Jonathan — (5 oct. 1703, East Windsor, Conn.–22 mar. 1758, Princeton, N.J.). Teólogo estadounidense. El quinto de 11 hijos de un hogar estrictamente puritano (ver puritanismo), ingresó a la Universidad de Yale a los 13 años de edad. En 1727 fue nombrado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • EDWARDS, JONATHAN —    a celebrated divine, born at E. Windsor, Connecticut; graduated at Yale; minister at Northampton, Mass.; missionary to Housatonnuck Indians; was elected to the Presidency of Princeton College; wrote an acute and original work, The Freedom of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • EDWARDS, Jonathan — (1703 1758)    a staunch CALVINIST and probably the greatest American philosopher of all time and an outstanding REVIVALIST PREACHER and theologian who played the key role in the GREAT AWAKENING, 1734 1735. His early writings covered various… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Edwards, Jonathan — (1702? 1758)    Theologian, s. of a minister, was b. at East Windsor, Connecticut, ed. at Yale Coll., and licensed as a preacher in 1722. The following year he was appointed as tutor at Yale, a position in which he showed exceptional capacity. In …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Edwards, Jonathan —    см. Эдвардс, Джонатан …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

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